Galop Provides Evidence on anti-LGBT+ Hate Crime in London
We have put together an evidence document for the London Assembly Police and Crime Committee – Investigation into hate crime in London. You can download a copy of the full report here, or read the executive summary below.
LGBT+ communities face high levels of hate crime
Despite progress on LGBT+ rights, hate crime remains a common experience for LGBT+ people. Research identifies that 40% of LGBT+ people experienced hate crime each year (Government Equalities Office 2018). There are an estimated 30,000 sexual orientation hate crimes committed each year according to the Crime Survey for England and Wales (Home Office 2018:26). The vast majority of these are not reported, with 91% of victims not reporting the most serious incident they experience (Government Equalities Office 2018).
Fear and opposition toward LGBT+ people is still common
The extent of prejudice driving these acts of violence and abuse is evidenced by polling that Galop commissioned. The research highlighted:
• 1 in 10 of those polled felt that LGBT+ people are ‘dangerous to other people’.
• A similar proportion felt that LGBT+ identity can be ‘cured’.
• Nearly 1 in 5 people said being LGBT was ‘immoral’ or ‘against their beliefs’.
• Alarmingly, this rose to 1 in 4 among young people, showing a disturbing generational shift toward anti-LGBT prejudice. This goes against previous trends of young people holding more positive views toward LGBT+ people than other age groups.
Galop is proud to lead the successful Catch partnership
Galop is an LGBT+ anti-violence charity. Our hate crime support service has assisted victims of hate crime in London for 34 years. We work closely with City Hall in our role as lead partner within the Catch partnership of leading anti-hate crime charities providing specialist advocacy services in London. It has consistently performed extremely well in the outcomes it creates for service users. The success of the service is a key victory for the hate crime element of the Mayor’s Police and Crime Plan.
There has been a large and consistent rise in recorded hate crime
Recorded homophobic and transphobic hate crime continues to rise. Data from last year is not available yet, but in 2017/18 the police recorded 11,638 sexual orientation hate crimes in the UK (up 27% from the previous year). Meanwhile, 1,651 transphobic hate crimes were recorded (up 32%) (Home Office 2018: 12).
The past year has also seen an escalation in the activities of transphobic hate groups aiming to target trans people, adding to the high levels of transphobic harassment, intimidation and violence. Meanwhile, there has been a growing parents movement calling for the removal of inclusive messages in schools, fuelled by fear and hostility toward LGBT+ people.
Anti-LGBT hate crime tends to involve high levels of violence
MPS data shows that anti-LGBT hate crimes involve higher levels of violence than other types of hate crime. 6% of victims of homophobic hate crime experienced moderate-serious injuries, compared to only 1% of religious hate crime victims and 2% of race hate crime victims (Walters and Krasodomski-Jones 2018:43).
It has deep and lasting impacts on victims
People who experience hate crime are over twice as likely to face serious emotional impacts such as difficultly sleeping, anxiety, panic attacks or depression, compared with people who experience crime in general (Home Office 2018: 28).
It makes communities feel fearful and unable to live openly
Hate crime limits the ability of people to live open and fulfilled lives. Most LGB people avoid holding hands in public for fear of a negative reaction (68%). Meanwhile most trans people avoid being open about their gender identity in order to lower the risk of experiencing transphobic abuse (67%) (Government Equalities Office 2018: 33).