A hate crime is a crime committed against a person or people because of a particular group they belong to – such as women, lesbians, gay men and bisexual people, trans people, Black and minority ethnic people, Jewish people, Muslim people and so on.
This is an attack or abuse directed at a person because they are, or are perceived to be, lesbian, gay, bisexual or trans. Homophobic or transphobic physical or verbal violence occurs in the home, at school and college, at work, and in public.
Harassment may be hate mail, phone calls, texts, emails, graffiti, repeated name calling, following, pestering or repeated theft or damage to property.
LGBT people can and do experience domestic abuse and hate crime within their own home.
Young LGBT people can often experience high levels of homophobic or transphobic hate crime at school or college, though it is often referred to homophobic or transphobic bullying.
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Galop is an LGBT anti-violence and abuse charity.